Researchers suggest that Cape Verde plans to have a system in place based on solar, wind and energy storage.
As a part of its “sustainable energy for all” agenda, Cape Verde has set a bold target of renewable energy, pledging to get 100% of its electricity from renewable resources by 2025.
Cape Verde is made up of 10 islands, nine of which are inhabited, that are west of Africa. Whilst almost all of the islands’ 550,000 residents have access to electricity, approximately 1/3 still rely on firewood and charcoal for cooking.
Although most of Cape Verde’s electricity is produced by generators that run on imported petroleum products, it has begun to diversify its energy portfolio. A quarter of it is now provided by renewable sources. With Cape Verde expected to almost double its electricity usage by 2020, this is good news.
With cutting-edge technologies and innovative business practices, there are a wide range of options Cape Verde can achieve its 100 per cent renewable energy goal in a way that is both cost-effective and equitable. Some research has suggested that a renewable energy system based on solar, wind and energy storage (as batteries and pumped hydropower) could help Cape Verde to meet these goals.
Cape Verde would be unique in achieving these renewable energy goals from a diverse mix of resources whereas some countries rely on substantial hydroelectric resources. The wide variety of resources include wind, solar, geothermal and marine energy.
Cape Verde’s winds are considered excellent for wind power production. The countries desalination systems can also be integrated into the electricity generation. In addition, the desalinated freshwater can be pumped into a high-elevation reservoir and used for energy. Cape Verde’s tropical location has good potential for solar photovoltaic (PV) electricity. It could also take advantage of an emerging technology called ocean thermal energy conversion. Being a volcanic archipelago Cape Verde also has the potential for geothermal energy – which uses heat from the earth.
Integrating wind and solar into its energy system has already proved a huge success for Cape Verde and by adopting new cutting edge technologies and innovative business practices, Cape Verde can curtailing achieve is 100% renewable energy goal in a cost effective way.
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